Bruce Lee’s Master – Yip Man

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Bruce Lee’s Master *Diệp Vấn, Sư-phụ Lý tiểu Long*Maîtres de Bruce Lee

ចៅហ្វាយរបស់ Bruce Lee បាន , 李小龙 师傅 – بروس لي سيد, ブルース·リーのマスター, บรูซลีโท, Maestro de Bruce Lee, Bruce Lee վարպետ, Брюс Лі майстер

Yip Man * 1 October 1893 – 1 December 1972 * , also spelled as Ip Man, and also Yip Kai-man, was a Chinese martial artist. He had several students who later became martial arts teachers in their own right, including Bruce Lee.

Yip was born to Yip Oi-dor and Wu Shui, and was the third of four children. He grew up in a wealthy family in Foshan, Guangdong, and received a traditional Chinese education. His elder brother was Yip Kai-gak, his elder sister was Yip Wan-mei and his younger sister was Yip Wan-hum.

Yip started learning Wing Chun from Chan Wah-shun when he was 7. Since Chan was 70 at the time, Yip was Chan’s last student. Due to his teacher’s age, Yip learned most of his skills and techniques from Chan’s second eldest disciple, Wu Chung-sok (吳仲素). Chan lived three years after Yip’s training started and one of his dying wishes was to have Wu continue teaching Yip.

At the age of 16, Yip moved to Hong Kong with help from his relative Leung Fut-ting. One year later, he attended school at St. Stephen’s College—a secondary school for wealthy families and foreigners living in Hong Kong. During Yip’s time at St. Stephen’s he saw a foreign police officer beating a woman and intervened. The officer attempted to attack Yip, but Yip struck him down and ran to school with his classmate. Yip’s classmate later told an older man who lived in his apartment block. The man met with Yip and asked what martial art Yip practised. The man told Yip that his forms were “not too great”. The man challenged Yip’s Wing Chun in chi sao (a form of training that involves controlled attack and defence). Yip saw this as an opportunity to prove that his abilities were good, but was defeated by the man after a few strikes. Yip’s opponent revealed himself to be Leung Bik, Chan Wah-shun’s senior and the son of Chan’s teacher, Leung Jan. After that encounter, Yip continued learning from Leung Bik.

Yip returned to Foshan when he was 24 and became a policeman. He taught Wing Chun to several of his subordinates, friends and relatives, but did not officially run a martial arts school. Some of his better known informal students were Chow Kwong-yue (周光裕), Kwok Fu (郭富), Lun Kah (倫佳), Chan Chi-sun (陳志新), Xu He-Wei (徐和威) and Lui Ying (呂應). Among them, Chow Kwong-yue was said to be the best, but he eventually went into commerce and stopped practising martial arts. Kwok Fu and Lun Kah went on to teach students of their own and they passed down the art of Wing Chun in the Foshan and Guangdong region. Chan Chi-sun and Lui Ying went to Hong Kong later but neither of them accepted any students. Yip went to live with Kwok Fu during the Second Sino-Japanese War and only returned to Foshan after the war, where he continued his career as a police officer. Yip left Foshan for Hong Kong at the end of 1949 after the Chinese Communist Party won the Chinese Civil Warbecause he was an officer of the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party), the Communists’ rival in the Civil War.

Yip Man’s gravestone

Yip died on 2 December 1972 in his unit at 149 Tung Choi Street in Hong Kong, from throat cancer, only 7 months before the death of Bruce Lee.

Yip’s legacy is the global practice of Wing Chun. Some of his notable students include: Leung Ting (梁挺), Leung Sheung, Lok Yiu, Chu Shong-tin, Wong Shun Leung, Wong Kiu (王喬), Yip Bo-ching (葉步青), William Cheung, Hawkins Cheung, Bruce Lee, Wong Long, Wong Chok, Law Bing, Lee Shing, Ho Kam-ming, Moy Yat, Duncan Leung, Derek Fung Ping-bor (馮平波), Chris Chan Shing (陳成), Victor Kan, Stanley Chan, Chow Sze-chuen, Tam Lai, Lee Che-kong, Simon Lau, his nephew Lo Man Kam, and his sons Ip Ching and Ip Chun

Yip also left behind a written history of Wing Chun. Many artifacts of his life are on display in the “Yip Man Tong” museum in the Foshan Ancestral Temple grounds.

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Diệp Vấn (1893-1972) là một võ sư nổi tiếng người Trung Quốc, được xem là người có công lớn trong việc hình thành và quảng bá hệ phái Vịnh Xuân Quyền ở Hongkong. Một trong những đệ tử thành danh của ông chính là minh tinh màn bạc Lý Tiểu Long ..
Diệp Vấn tên đầy đủ là Diệp Kế Vấn (葉繼問), sinh ngày 1 tháng 10 năm 1893, trong một gia đình giàu có ở Phật Sơn tỉnh Quảng Đông.

Do gia đình giàu có, từ 5 tuổi ông đã bắt đầu tập võ, đến năm 13 tuổi thì chính thức bái sư ..
Ông ra đi vào ngày 2 tháng 12, 1972 vì chứng bệnh Ung thư thanh quản. Bảy tháng sau, người đệ-tử cưng của ông là Lý Tiểu Long, cũng qua đời, vào ngày 20 tháng 07, 1973, tại Hồng Kông …

Yip Man, (Ip Man) ปรมาจารย์กังฟูที่มีชื่ออีกคนหนึ่งในแบบมวยหวิงชุ …


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